It is also used in hydraulic brake fluids and inks used in … Ethylene glycol is often used as a polyfoam fibre synthesis product, as a solvent for latex paints or as a dehydration agent for natural gas treatment. Propylene glycol is a substance commonly used as a food additive or ingredient in many cosmetic and hygiene products. Ethylene glycol (EG) is colourless liquid with a sweet taste. Co-factor therapy can be used to assist with the enhancement of non-toxic metabolites. Ethylene glycol is also used to de-ice airport runways and aircraft. The most common use of ethylene glycol is in antifreezeformulations. (2) Sources and Potential Exposure Dermal or inhalation exposure to workers may occur during the manufacture or use of the chemical. These use propylene glycol instead, making it more suitable for environments where there are pets or children. When hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium thiosulphate (Na2S2O3) are combined, an interesting reaction takes place and the colourless solution... read more, The chemicals used in oven cleaners may cause concern in many people, but do they deserve the reputation? Manu Sebastian, in Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, 2009. b Diethylene glycol. CH₂O is a... read more, Iodine (I) is a chemical element that appears as a purple-black solid at room temperature. Ethylene glycol has a similarly important role in the production of polyethylene glycol (PEG), where it is reacted with ethylene oxide. One of the compounds most common uses is as an anti-freeze and conductive heat transfer agent. Last week, we took a look at the properties behind this highly toxic compound. It provides better heat transfer parameters than water, and can be mixed with water to provide a variety of heat transfer characteristics. Ethylene glycol is a chemical commonly used in many commercial and industrial applications including antifreeze and coolant. This prevents the formation of ice crystals and in turn lowers the freezing point of water. We urge you to explore our web page where you will find useful information on ethylene glycol and its derivatives and obtain a better understanding of why they are essential ingredients in the production of many products that are an important part of our lives. Ethylene glycol is a clear, colorless syrupy liquid. This can cause many problems if not removed, and so it is crucial to employ glycol dehydration. While these are the main three uses of ethylene glycol, this chemical has a variety of applications that range across many industries. ACC is investing in research to improve understanding of how chemicals impact health and the environment. We also stock antifreeze and non-toxic antifreeze solutions that are all 100% quality guaranteed. It is slightly viscous in nature and shows miscibility with alcohols, water, and aldehydes. Its ability to lower the freezing point of water is also useful in vitrification mixtures for sample preservation. A balanced inhibitor system, to protect common metals of construction. Formaldehyde is a critical building block chemical, but you may have heard mixed messages about this chemical compound. Ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting chemical. View the list of the American Chemistry Council's main media contacts. Propylene glycol is sometimes used as a de-icing agent; however, ethylene glycol is used more often because it costs less. Ethylene glycol also is used as a raw material in the production of a wide range of products including polyester fibers for clothes, upholstery, carpet and pillows; fiberglass used in products such as jet skis, bathtubs, and bowling balls; and polyethylene terephthalate resin used in packaging film and bottles. Ethylene glycol is toxic, and ingestion can result in death. This prevents the formation of ice crystals and in turn lowers the freezing point of water. In the case of PET, ethylene glycol is heated together with terephthalic acid in the presence of chemical catalysts. Ethylene glycol is used for many applications today compared to 1900’s. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene is the main chemical compound that is used to produce ethylene glycol. 11b – 13 Aston Fields Road, Whitehouse Industrial Estate, Runcorn, Cheshire, WA7 3DL. The ACC mark, Responsible Care®, the hands logo trademark, CHEMTREC®, TRANSCAER®, and americanchemistry.com are registered service marks of the American Chemistry Council, Inc. Future of Stem Scholars Initiative (FOSSI), Center for Endocrine Screening and Testing, Formaldehyde and the Need for Best Available Science. While triethylene glycol (TEG) is commonly used to dehydrate natural gas, ethylene glycol is used in the refrigeration units to decrease hydrate temperature. Ethylene Glycol Page 1 of 4 Ethylene Glycol Section 1 Product Description Product Name: Ethylene Glycol Recommended Use: Science education applications Synonyms: 1.2-Ethandiol; Ethylene Alcohol; Glycol Alcohol Distributor: Carolina Biological Supply Company 2700 York Road, Burlington, NC 27215 1 … Ethylene glycol has a variety of other industrial uses, including: These properties also make ethylene glycol an ideal de-icing fluid for windshields and even aircrafts. In its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid. The business of chemistry provides 544,000 skilled, good-paying American jobs. C 2 H 4 O + H 2 O → HO–CH 2 CH 2 –OH. (Photo Credit : LHcheM / Wikimedia Commons) In the past, people often used plain water in summers and added antifreeze to it only during the winter. Ethylene glycol may be swallowed accidentally, or it may be taken deliberately in a suicide attempt or as a substitute for drinking alcohol (ethanol). The polymer is used as a lubricating coating for various surfaces in aqueous and non-aqueous environments. The most common use of ethylene glycol is in antifreeze formulations. PEG can be found in a number of other products, including skin creams and personal lubricants, and as a food additive for anti-foaming purposes. Ethylene glycol antifreeze is the most common antifreeze used in automotive applications worldwide. Classified as a halogen,... read more, In order to understand what a buffer solution is, it’s firstly helpful to understand that many natural chemical reactions... read more, Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a chemical compound that is widely used as a weak oxidising acid and as a... read more, Hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as fracking, develops oil and gas wells by injecting water, sand, and chemicals under high... read more, Muriatic acid is one of the most common acids used in industrial and household applications. The Chemical Products and Technology Division (CPTD) represents more than 80 self-funded, chemical-specific groups focused on the business of chemistry. Additionally, it is this simple structure that separates PEGs from similar compounds like propylene glycol and polypropyleneglycol. What is Propylene Glycol Since it is a liquid it can easily penetrate the soil and contaminate groundwater and nearby streams. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Can I Use Isopropyl Alcohol Instead of Denatured Alcohol? Glycol is a water-miscible coolant that is frequently used in heat transfer and cooling applications. Glycerol/Glycerine/Glycerin (General Use), ethylene glycol is heated together with terephthalic acid. It is poisonous if swallowed. Main use of ethylene glycol is being used as antifreeze and de-icing solution. Most ethylene glycol poisonings occur due to the ingestion of antifreeze. Ethylene glycol is also used in: At ReAgent, we supply high quality ethylene glycol in a wide range of batch sizes. View activities underway by the chemical industry and to help provide resources to address and fight the impacts of COVID-19. It was used in explosions during WWI and is still used in dynamites. Glycol comes in two varieties: ethylene glycol and propylene glycol. Alongside polyethylene (PE), PET is one of the most common plastics. Polyethylene glycol has a low toxicity and is used in a variety of products. The hygroscopic properties of ethylene glycol as well as its high boiling point make it an ideal desiccant and dehydrating agent. What Happens When Hydrochloric Acid and Sodium Thiosulphate React? Ethylene or propylene glycol, to depress the freeze point of the fluid. Mono Ethylene Glycol is used as solvent couplers, chemical intermediates for resins, and humectants. Ethylene glycol helps keep your car’s engine from freezing in the winter and acts as a coolant to reduce overheating in the summer. The primary use of ethylene glycol is for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic resin used to make beverage containers for soda, water and juice, and polyester fiber for clothes, upholstery, carpet, and pillows. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. The... read more, Opting to study chemistry and following it as your career path can in itself be a challenging life decision,... read more, Before we look at what formaldehyde is used for, it’s important to understand what it is. Ethylene glycol also has a major use in the manufacture of polymers, namely polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In this process, many different glycols are used. Propylene glycol works as a humectant by attracting moisture to the skin, and consequently hydrating and moisturizing it. For this reason, non-toxic antifreeze solutions were introduced. Get paid for large quantities of used antifreeze and ethylene glycol. This article provides more... read more, Bottled water usually undergoes filtration processes rather than distillation because it contains essential minerals that affect the taste and... read more, Absolute Ethanol Acetic Acid (CH3COOH) Acetone Ammonia Solutions (NH3) Antifreeze Battery Acid Brick Acid Buffer Solutions Caustic Soda Citric Acid (C6H8O7), Deionized Water Demineralised Water Denatured Alcohol (IMS) Dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) Distilled Water EP Water Ethylene Glycol Formaldehyde (CH2O) Glycerol/Glycerine/Glycerin Hydrochloric Acid (HCL), Isopropyl Alcohol Methylated Spirits Methylene Chloride Monopropylene Glycol Nitric Acid (HNO3) Phosphoric Acid (H3PO4) Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) Potassium Permanganate Propylene Glycol, Silver Nitrate (AgNO3) Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) Sodium Hypochlorite (NaClO) Sodium Thiosulphate Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) Ultrapure Water Water (Purified) Xylene ...VIEW ALL PRODUCTS. They are extensively used in the manufacturing of polyester fibres. Ethylene glycol helps keep your car’s engine from freezing in the winter and acts as a coolant to reduce overheating in the summer. Water is nature’s heat transfer fluid, a liquid used since the dawn of time to heat and cool. Ethylene glycol is a colorless liquid with the chemical formula C2H6O2. It is able to interfere with the hydrogen bonds in water, making it difficult for the water molecules to bind. Ethylene Glycol (C2H6O2) - Ethylene glycol is the first member of the series of alkane diols and is also known as glycol. Ethylene glycol is a chemical commonly used in many commercial and industrial applications including antifreeze and coolant. In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents. It is an excellent solvent for many relatively insoluble substances. It is a reagent used in making explosives, synthetic waxes, and alkyd resins. A blog of the American Chemistry Council: driving innovation, creating jobs, and enhancing safety. Once this reaction has been catalysed, ethylene glycol polymerises and a variety of PEG products are created. These properties also make ethylene glycol an ideal de-icing fluid for windshields and even aircrafts. DESCRIPTION: Ethylene glycol is a useful industrial compound found in many consumer products, including automotive antifreeze, hydraulic brake fluids, some stamp pad inks, ballpoint pens, solvents, paints, plastics, films, and cosmetics; it also is used as a pharmaceutical vehicle. The blog, its authors and affiliates accept no responsibility for any accident, injury or damage caused in part or directly from following the information provided on this website. ACC's member companies are joining the fight against COVID 19. TCCs Ethylene Glycol (MEG) is an organic compound widely used as an automotive antifreeze and the precursor to polymers. Its ability to lower the freezing point of water is also useful in vitrifica… The most common applications of ethylene glycol include its use as raw material for the production of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. It is also used to purify other vaccines. Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. Ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, for freeze protection; Water is nature’s heat transfer fluid, a liquid used for centuries to provide heating and cooling. What Chemicals Are Used In Oven Cleaners? Since PEG is a flexible, water-soluble polymer, it can be used to create very high osmotic pressures (on the order of tens of atmospheres). To extend this range, other chemicals like ethylene glycol and propylene glycol are added. It is able to interfere with the hydrogen bonds in water, making it difficult for the water molecules to bind. Apart from this, it also plays a crucial role in the production of coolants, antifreeze and solvents. This is because their diverse properties make them compatible with a range of acids and bases. This is important because, when produced from an underground reservoir, natural gas is completely saturated with water vapour. The blog on chemicals.co.uk and everything published on it is provided as an information resource only. It is used to inactivate the influenza virus in some influenza vaccines. However, it is a moderately toxic compound. In this role, it sees use in automotive cooling systems, water chiller air conditioners, and air handlers, and is even used as a cooling agent in high-performance computers. The fact that propylene glycol is used in both antifreeze and food products may seem alarming, but the reason it’s used in both substances may come as a surprise. Place your order online today, or contact a member of our expert team for more information. Many of these products are energy saving and cost efficient as well as recyclable. Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Plastics like PET and PE are commonly used in containers that store chemicals. inactive ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry as a solvent It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes. If you are in any doubt about health and safety issues please consult the Health & Safety Executive (HSE). Due to these structural differences (ethylene glycol vs. polyethyleneglycol), comparisons between physical properties, additive qualities and overall safety may not always be appropriate. As an expert chemical distributor, UBA offers this product in the following formats: bulk, partial bulk, totes, drums and delcans. Polyethylene glycol 3350 is used as a laxative to treat occasional constipation or irregular bowel movements. Learn More about MAXSAFE'S GREEN Initiatives; Work with an EPA licensed facility . Another chemical with a similar name, ethylene glycol , was once widely used in many brands of antifreeze to … ReAgent is one of the leading chemical suppliers in the UK. The Lautenberg Chemical Safety Act updated TSCA to protect Americans' health and our environment, and supports economic growth and manufacturing in the U.S. ©2005-2020 American Chemistry Council, Inc. As we move forward in our series on the importance of the 2016 TSCA amendments, the next chemical we are going to focus on is one that you may be somewhat familiar with, formaldehyde. An automotive antifreeze is a liquid which is used in radiators and cooling systems of internal combustion engines in vehicles. The US and European food authorities have declared it … Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. This is why, during winter, antifreeze prevents your car from freezing over. Ethylene glycol is used to make antifreeze and de-icing solutions for cars, airplanes, and boats. Confusion has arisen, because polyethylene glycol (a chemical used in antifreeze and personal care products like skin creams and toothpaste) is used in vaccines and is safe. View our resource center to find press releases, testimonies, infographics and more. Hydronic fluids are heat transfer fluids composed of three key ingredients: Water, to provide heat transfer. The end result is a molten mass of PET. Here, it is able to help ‘freeze down’ a biological sample in order to preserve it for longer. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. Both acids and bases can be used as catalysts for this reaction. While ethylene glycol is a very effective antifreezing agent, it is also very toxic if consumed. Sell your used antifreeze and ethylene glycol. We are based in Cheshire, England and have been established since 1977. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Sources of Exposure: In the general population, propylene glycol exposure occurs primarily through ingestion of food and medications and through dermal contact with cosmetics or topical medications. It freezes at 32°F and boils at 212°F. Consisting of a mixture of ethylene glycol and water, the ethylene glycol antifreeze not only resists freezing, it also resists overheating when used in warm climates. (1) Ethylene glycol may be discharged into wastewater from its production and use. It’s low freezing point and miscibility with water helps it de-ice water fast. This makes it well-suited for use in glycol dehydration. We do not recommend using any chemical without first consulting the Material Safety Data Sheet which can be obtained from the manufacturer and following the safety advice and precautions on the product label. Its sweet taste is dangerous here as it causes pets or infants to accidentally ingest it. Ethylene glycol and methanol intoxication should be treated with fomepizole or ethanol to inhibit ADH. Solvent: Propylene glycol is used to dissolve substances in a product formulation to get them to mix and work together … Ethylene glycol is a viscous liquid that acts as a raw material in the manufacturing of: An ingredient for making automotive coolant and antifreeze products. This week, we’re talking about its many uses that stretch across a variety of different industries. Diethylene glycol (DEG) is a sweet-tasting, colorless, nonodoriferous, hygroscopic liquid commonly used in the commercial preparation of antifreeze, brake fluid, cigarettes, and some dyes. The molar mass of ethylene glycol is 62.07 g/mol. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a petroleum-derivative compound that is made from ethylene glycol (ethane-1,2-diol), the main ingredient in antifreeze. In the natural gas industry, glycol dehydration is system that uses a liquid desiccant – like ethylene glycol – to remove water vapour from natural gas before it can be used commerically. This is why, during winter, antifreeze prevents your car from freezing over. Do the right thing for the environment by working with a GREEN Company. It is contained in everything from grocery bags and plastic bottles to space blankets and gas cylinders. Ethylene glycol may be used in the formulation of shoe polish. During this process, ethylene oxide is produced as an intermediate, and it then reacts with water to produce ethylene glycol. Other important uses of ethylene glycol include heat transfer fluids used as industrial coolants for gas compressors, heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems, and ice skating rinks. Polyethylene glycol 3350 may also be … Joining the fight against COVID 19 it is used more often because it costs less expert team for more.. ( C2H6O2 ) - ethylene glycol is used more often because it costs less when produced from an underground,... Very toxic if consumed boiling point make it an ideal desiccant and dehydrating agent, and ingestion can result death! Sources and Potential Exposure Dermal or inhalation Exposure to workers may occur during the manufacture polyester. A variety of heat transfer and cooling applications environments where there are or. An odorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid antifreeze prevents your car from freezing over, where is... 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