. Answer: Cash amount. Question 13. Ans. For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter why should onefocus on employment and GDP? It is a place where goods and services can be sold. Explain the various factors of production. They come either from landless families or families cultivating small plots of land. For example, manufacturing of a car from steel. Enumerate a few effects of modem farming method. The first requirement for production is land. Name the … They do not have a right over the crops grown on the land. Land as a production factor also includes other natural resources like water, forests and minerals found in the earth’s crust. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Important Questions Economics Chapter-1 The Story of Village Palampur 5 marks Questions 1. MOTS Question 21. The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Solutions: The chapter seeks to explain different economic concepts related to the production like factors of production- land, capital, labour and enterprise. Labour is an abundant factor of production. You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser. Traditional seeds with low yield were used. M.S. Answer: Give a few examples of fixed capital. As we read through the story of Palampur, we will learn more about the first three factors of production. Large farmers, village moneylender or the traders. Physical capital has variety of inputs while human capital is labours, using those inputs. Crop produced on a given piece of land during a single season. Production requires a variety of raw material such as yarn used by the weaver and clay used by the potter. For example, rice. Answer: Question 35. Swaminathan and his team also contributed towards the success of Green Revolution in India. Physical capital is the variety of inputs required at every stage during production. â¦. class-9 Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. They are illiterate, unhealthy and unskilled. Suggest any three ways to sustain land. Measures to Increase Non-farming Activities: Question 7. (a) Personal Inequalities: Due to Green Revolution the income of rich farmers increased considerably whereas the poor farmers couldnât reap any benefit. Answer: Question 8. Question 5. They have no permanent jobs. HYV seeds, however, needed plenty. The new technology is early maturing and makes multiple cropping possible. This may lead to an end with large debts. Answer: Working capital can be changed or built in short period. Suggest some measures to increase non-farming activities. Question 9. The small farmers are put to great distress to repay the loan. Explain. People have domesticated cows and buffaloes. Q19: What is the main aim of production? Labour: Labour consists of all human efforts of the body or mind which are undertaken in the expectation of reward. Answer: So, this technique is mainly used to improve the status of agriculture. Answer: Question 5. Every production is organised by combining land, labour, physical capital and human capital, which are known as Factors of Production. Labour: The second requirement is labour. The soil is losing fertility due to increased use of chemical fertilizers. The utilized amounts of the various inputs determine the quantity of output according to the relationship called the production function. Swaminathan and his team also contributed towards the success of Green Revolution in India. Anything that helps in production is the factor of production. What are its different types? There are four requirements for production of goods and services: Land, labour, physical capital and human capital. (b) Soil is a vital part of land and the basis of agricultural activities. Punjab. Answer: Production is an activity that involves making of goods or services that a person needs. Factors like the distribution of land, labour, land sustainability and the capital needed. Answer: There are many people who are willing to work as farm labourers in the villages, whereas the Opportunities of work are limited. Question 11. High Yielding Varieties (HYV). Answer: What are the factors of production? Answer: Question 4. Answer: Question 40. Which is the most important economic activity of the people of rural India? (b) Regional Inequality: The new technology was successfully implemented in the wheat-producing belt of the country whereas the rice producing zones were not at all affected by this Green Revolution. Describe any three features of small-scale manufacturing as a non-farm activity in Palampur. Most agricultural labourers are from low castes and the depressed classes. This could be another sustaining land productivity. Different production activities require different types of workers, such as highly educated, skilled or those doing some manual work. Answer: Question 44. Answer: The farm labourers come either from landless families or the families cultivating small plots of land. It was brought in India by the initiative of Indian government. Primary activity. Give an example of an entity which is not a part of fixed capital. They belong to either landless families or ____. Difference between Green Revolution and Traditional Farming: Green Revolution refers to the use of artificial fertilizers, technology, high yielding variety seeds which are genetically engineered. The production of wheat has increased from 8.8 million tones in 1965-66 to 184 million tons in 1991-92. Wide variation in the duration of employment was also seen, (any three). What is its consequence? Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 The Story of the village Palampur. ... there is a basic difference between the two factors of production. Mention three characteristics of traditional method of farming, Many kinds of means of transport are available like motorcycles, jeeps, tractors, tongas etc. (ii) Machine â Fixed capital. Factors of production are the parameters which affect the output of production. Answer: The essential inputs which are required for the production of goods and services are known as factors of production. Education and Health: Improvement in education will lead to human capital formation. Define Green Revolution. (iv)Production can also be increased by using modern machinery such as tractors, combines, threshers, drilling machines, motors etc. Question 3. Question 13. Answer: After answering the question, you will receive 10 points. Expansion of Market: To increase non-farming activities, rural markets should be linked to urban markets. (c) It brought the Green Revolution in the 1960s which resulted in high increase in the production of cereal grains, particularly, wheat and rice. (e) It has led to growth of agro-based industries. Its major impact was to transform the system of irrigation in the village. Question 47. It is a scientific way of increasing the production. Question 30. Answer: Poor farmers are unable to afford HYV seeds, fertilizers and machineries. Farmers of which two states were the first to use modem farming methods in India? Answer: Answer: Question 26. Question 33. They sell it in the market and have good earnings and save it in their bank accounts. Traditional seeds needed less irrigation. The clay used by a potter is an example of which type of capital? (c) We have to see that the Modern Farming Methods are used scientifically in such a way that the natural resource base that the land provides is saved from further damage. Answer: Farmers should also have sufficient capital to invest and meet farm expenses. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for Class 9 Social Science Economics Chapter 1 The Story of Village Palampur. They generally get the wages less than the minimum wages set by the government. Question 34. Modem farming methods need inputs like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, tractors etc. )â, 1 means place 2 plains acceuph____percent of land area 3____ is partly living and partly non living component of entertainmentâ, give any wealth defination of economicsâ, HII Guys How many crops are grown by the farmers in Palampur? Its main features were: Question 16. Farmers used cow-dung and other natural manure as fertilizers. Mention any two natural factors of production. (i) Land is the basic natural, resource required as a factor or an input in any production activity. Dr. Norman Borlaug brought high yielding wheat in India. Physical capital includes variety of inputs required at every stage during production like machines, raw material etc. As fixed capital for buying tractors etc. Answer: It is used by rich farmers as it requires more inputs. Answer: (iv) Human Capital: The fourth requirement is the human capital. Modem farming is machine-oriented. Question 41. Large increase in agriculture production after 1967-68 due to the adoption of new agriculture strategy which implied a simultaneous use of better and modem agriculture inputs. Answer: Why was the initial impact of Green Revolution limited to wheat and only to a few regions? Answer: Answer: Differences: Question 17. They borrow from large farmers or the moneylenders or the traders whd supply various inputs for cultivation. Write down the names of the crops that were promoted by Green Revolution. (iii) Physical Capital: The third requirement is physical capital, comprising various inputs required during production. Categorise the following as fixed capital or working capital: Question 27. (v)Production can be increased by using fertilizers.Example: In Palampur, the yield of wheat grown from the traditional varieties was 1300 kg per hectare. The factors of production typically include land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship, and the state of technological progress. The basic constraint in raising farm production in Palampur is the land area under the cultivation at that is particularly fixed since1960 there as in expansion of the land area under cultivation by Then saw the wastelands and you converted to be cultivated now there's just no further scope to increase the cultivation by bringing new land under cultivation. Among the three factors of production, we found that labour is the most abundant factor of production. which can be used in production over many years is called fixed capital. Question 16. Who provides capital to the small farmers at high rate of interest? 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