I applied Advantage II for cats over 9lbs on my adult cat. Bayer Advantage II is a fast topical flea control for cats that kills all life stages of fleas. Advantage II for Cats kills 98-100% of fleas within 12 hours. This time its more than before and his pupils are dilated. But for most cats, a generic product containing fipronil is sufficient. Advantage is a spot-on solution that is easy to apply and kills fleas on contact, so fleas don’t have to bite to die. Learn more about Advantage II for cats kills fleas. Applying Advantage® II flea control to your feline friend is simple and convenient. Unless you get the incorrect dose of any of these two products, there’s nothing to worry about when it comes to safety. Each tube contains 0.4 ml (40 mg imidacloprid) and 0.8 ml (80 mg imidacloprid) respectively plus benzyl alcohol and butylhydroxytoluene (E321) as an antioxidant.Advantage for cats is used for the prevention and treatment of flea infestations on cats, rabbits and dogs, fleas are killed within one day following treatment. Each vial contains 0.8 ml (80 mg imidacloprid) and 0.1% butylated hydroxytoluene (E321) as a...[More info], Advantage 40 Flea Treatment should be used for smaller cats, small dogs and rabbits. The product can be used as part of a treatment strategy for Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD). Advantage II for cats kills fleas at all life stages, preventing fleas on treated pets from infesting your home and offers complete flea protection for your cat. Advantage II is a monthly flea preventative for dogs and cats that offers comprehensive flea protection by killing adult fleas, larvae, and eggs. Advantage II kills adult and immature stages of fleas, thereby effectively breaking the flea life cycle and preventing flea infestations. It’s true that some pet parents say that one is better than the other, but that depends on whether they’re original or counterfeits or if they have been applied properly. Applied as drops to the skin, the active ingredient in Advantage ® II spreads throughout the skin quickly and kills fleas through contact. Full Member Posts: 52. Advantage 40 Spot-On Flea Treatment for Small Cats, Dogs and Rabbits 4 Pack. 20% off (21 days ago) Advantage Coupons For Cats, 12-2020 - couponshock.com. Advantage 40mg for Small Cats, Small Dogs and Pet Rabbits and Advantage 80mg for Large Cats and Pet Rabbits are clear yellow to slightly brownish solution containing as active substance imidacloprid. Flea treatment with Advantage II gives your cat a … Fleas put the health of your cat at risk and promote spreading skin infections, in addition to causing it to have continuous itching. Advantage II is recommended for cats that are at least 9 weeks of age, whereas Frontline is recommended to kittens that are at least 8 weeks of age. However, since we started having a flea problem with my dogs and the cats started itching, we decided to just use one application of Advantage on them to be safe. It says on the box that it is for cats 8 weeks and older and 5-9 lbs. Directions Apply Advantage II for cats once a month and apply the entire contents of each application pack directly to the pet’s skin and beneath its fur right at the base of the skull/top of the neck. Advantage II, on the other hand, contains a combination of two substances — imidacloprid and pyriproxyfen. I've cried every day since the sudden death of my cat 3 weeks ago. Since they are basically paralyzed, the fleas end up dying as they become incapable of feeding. Do not allow recently treated animals to groom each other. Advantage II is recommended for cats that are at least 9 weeks of age, whereas Frontline is recommended to kittens that are at least 8 weeks of age. Unlike some other treatments available (for example those that come in tablet form), Advantage spot-on flea treatment for cats is applied as drops to the skin. 0.8ml = 11-20# 1.2ml = 21-30# 1.6ml = 31-40# 2.0ml = 41-50# … What else can I do to make him better? They can fail to pierce the top of the applicator properly, they might not move the cat’s fur out of the way so that they can apply most of the solution on the skin, the cat might move right then and there, leaving the pet parent to drop most of the insecticide on the floor… there are many variables. One treatment prevents further flea infestation for up to three to four weeks on cats and up to one week on pet rabbits. I use old empty vaccine bottles myself. Advantage and Advantage II, produced by Bayer, are effective topical treatments that provide month-long protection against adult fleas for dogs and cats. We earn a very small commission on every order. is also registered for use on ferrets 10 weeks of age or older, weighing 1 lb. Each packet contains four pipettes, placed on the back of the neck each pipette will rid your cat, small dog or rabbit of fleas within a day. Keep Your Kitty Safe. 80% off (14 days ago) bayer advantage ii c. oupon Sites | Restaurant Coupon 2019. They are both effective flea treatments that work for most cats. Registered with the R.C.V.S. We would only let him out when we were out there too, and he would spend his time going through my … COUPON (7 days ago) The best part about advantage II is that it is waterproof, so even if you wash your cat, advantage 2 will last for around a month. Advantage 2 does not have an … Protection against further flea infestation can last up to 4 weeks. Does advantage 2 expire. Your email address will not be published. So, if you’re in a hurry, Frontline Plus might be the best option for you. This is the reason I’m more likely to recommend it to pet parents, and I’ll explain below. The treated coat and skin results in the paralysis and death of adult fleas, flea eggs, and flea larvae. (Read 40444 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. Advantage® II small cat provides multi-stage flea control effectively breaking all flea life-cycle stages for quick and lasting control of flea populations. Advantage II for cats has the ability kill 98+% of fleas within 12 hours of being applied and applying this quality flea medication for cats couldn’t be any easier. Advantage kills fleas, breaking the life cycle and killing adults before they can lay eggs. Dr. Nick Garside BVetMed MRCVS. All that varies is the dosage, which is determined by weight. flea and tick remedies bayer k advantix ii for. On top of that, it's fairly safe to say that Bayer Advantage II Topical is a more popular flea drop, based on its 300+ reviews. How do I apply Advantage® II for cats? Advantage II for Cats spreads throughout your pet's body within 24 hours. The product remains effective if the animal becomes wet, for example after exposure to heavy rain, however, re-treatment may become necessary, depending on the presence of fleas in the environment. Advantage ® II for cats combines two active ingredients: Imidacloprid attacks the flea’s nervous system — paralyzing and ultimately killing it. To further break down the Advantage dosage by weight alone: 0.4ml = 0-10 pounds. So, if you’re in a hurry, Frontline Plus might be the best option for you. Dogs 11-20 pounds – 1.0 ml (Advantage Multi can use this same chart but for dogs only) Dogs 21-55 pounds – 2.5 ml. Topic: Advantage for Cats - Warning! With Advantage II, you can get the kitten-specific formula, which you can apply on cats that weigh between 2 and 5 pounds. There is a significant difference when it comes to price. Advantage ® II is a topical flea treatment that contains an active ingredient which works to kill fleas through contact.. You can get the larger container with 6 doses of Advantage II, meaning you’ll have enough for 6 months (usually under sixty at most online retailers). Advantage II is the same formula for cats and for dogs. There is no difference when it comes to how you will apply either of these products because they’re both spot-on solutions. I have to mention that cats that are younger than 6 weeks of age should not be treated with any of these two spot-on solutions mostly because they probably have a lower weight than that for which Frontline and Advantage II are recommended. £7.19 £ 7. Your cat should be fine if you got the Advantage II for small cats. Advantage ® II for cats is a monthly topical comprehensive flea prevention and treatment for cats that kills fleas through contact so they don’t have to bite your cat to die. 99 (£10.99/count) Save 5% more with Subscribe & Save. This is the second time I use it on him, and he is very lethargic. If fleas have your cat scratching, Advantage will solve the problem quickly and easily. Buy Advantage II Flea Treatment for Large Cats Over 9 lbs, 4 treatments at Chewy.com. Frontline or Advantage? Buy products such as Advantage II Flea Treatment for Large Cats, Advantage II Flea Treatment for Small Cats at Walmart and save. 80% off (16 days ago) 80% OFF bayer advantage ii coupon Verified . Do not treat unweaned kittens of less than 8 weeks of age or pet rabbits of less than 10 weeks of age.The product is bitter tasting and salivation may occasionally occur if the animal licks the application site immediately after treatment. The product can be used as part of a treatment strategy for Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD). In the end, I still trust Bayer more, so I would go with Advantage II. You can get a 9 lbs Advantage II dosage, use a syringe to get all of the insecticide out of the applicator container, and then half the solution so that you can apply it on both of your cats. This is the second time I use it on him, and he is very lethargic. But for most cats, a generic product containing fipronil is sufficient. Advantage works on contact, no biting required. There are alternative ways of getting rid of fleas that a too young kitten might have — including by using a flea comb. Advantage 80 Spot-On Flea Treatment for Large Cats and Rabbits 4 Pack. Cats 10+ pounds – 0.8 ml. The first time I used it on him he was mildly lethargic, but the symptoms went away the next day. If you’d like to support this blog, you can consider the products recommended in the images in this post. 7 August 2020 at 2:12pm Advantage. Your email address will not be published. Please ensure you have the correct product for your pet’s body weight. Within 12 hours of application, Advantage II will kill 98% of the fleas on your cat, and will continue to protect her for up to 30 days. Therefore, avoid using Frontline for Dogs or Advantix on a cat. No. Dose size is dependent on the weight of your pet. This is not a sign of intoxication and disappears within a few minutes without treatment (see dosage and administration). or greater. password? Advantage flea treatment for cats is applied to your cat’s skin and gets to work quickly, killing existing fleas within one day and re-infesting fleas within an hour and for up to a month. Advantage II. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Advantage II like many animal pest treatments is the same drug for cats and dogs. Advantage Ii For Cats Coupons - Updated Daily 2020. One easy-to-use topical monthly application lasts for 30 days. The animal can be shampooed, immersed in water or exposed to rain 3 days after treatment. Cheap Advantage II? NEVER use flea products made for dogs on cats! To aid reduction in environmental challenge, the additional use of a suitable environmental treatment against adult fleas and developing stages is recommended. The only difference between the cat and dog versions is the dose size. Frontline Plus, on the other hand, is a 3.9-star product out of 5 based on the reviews it has gathered. Dogs 55+ pounds – 4.0 ml. So Bayer Advantage II Topical, while being a pricier option, tends to get more favorable ⭐ reviews than the $45 Frontline Gold for Cats, as seen on the chart below. Advantage ® II is not absorbed into the bloodstream. Ask your veterinarian to show you where and how to apply Advantage to minimize the risks. Directions. Agitation and disorientation has also been reported. In very rare occasions skin reactions such as hair loss, redness, itching and skin lesions may occur. Fleas tend to become resistant to some types of substances over time. Advantage II is special because it eliminates fleas and parasites in all stages of life. Advantage II for Cats BayerDVM replaced Advantage for Cats with Advantage II, now including an insect growth regulator (IGR) in the mix. The 4-dose option, for example, has over 5,000 reviews at some online marketplaces, and over 80% of them are 5-star ones. Agitation and disorientation has also been reported. Topical treatments are popular with pet owners due to the way they kill parasites. Remember, if your cat … Part the hair on the pet’s neck at the base of the skull until the skin is visible. Can you buy a lower dosage than 4kg for my cat she a small and mature. Advantage for Cats flea treatment is a monthly flea drop which is proven to kill fleas with one application. Our big kitty loved going outside. No incompatibility has been observed between this product at twice the recommended dose and the following commonly used veterinary products: fenthion, lufenuron, milbemycin, febantel, lufenuron, pyrantel and praziquantel. Frontline contains fipronil, which works by effectively attacking the fleas’ nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord). I applied Advantage II for cats over 9lbs on my adult cat. Learn how your comment data is processed. Fleas are killed within 12 hours and, to protect against further infestations, reinfesting fleas are killed within 2 hours. Required fields are marked *. Yes No. Certainly not Advantage II. If you are looking for a quick answer to this question, I might disappoint you by saying that none of these is better than the other. Community Answer . This IGR inhibits the growth of flea eggs, thus interrupting the flea life cycle, stopping fleas before they even start growing. One treatment prevents further flea infestation for up to four weeks on dogs, three to four weeks on cats and up to one week on pet rabbits. Advantage II is also available in a formula for dogs. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. Advantage II Flea Treatment for small cat 5-9 lbs. Advantage for cats is used for the prevention and treatment of flea infestations on cats, rabbits and dogs, fleas are killed within one day following treatment. Advantage II for Cats | Free 2 Day Shipping | WalmartPetRx.com. Thanks to its ingredients, Advantage II is capable of both killing the fleas (using a somewhat similar process to what fipronil does, meaning that it affects the fleas’ nervous system), but it also attacks a variety of fleas (eggs, larvae, and adults). You're okay if your kitten is 6 lbs and a year old. I have two indoor cats and I never use flea/tick medicine for them since they do not go outside. Frontline Plus for Cats . Other benefits of Advantage II for Cats is that the formulation is waterproof—so no need for reapplication after baths—and the product kills fleas on contact so the pests don’t have to bite your cat to get killed. Advantage® II is available in three different weight bands for cats and kittens 8 weeks and older that weigh at least 2 pounds. Applying Advantage® II flea control to your feline friend is simple and convenient. Your cat should be fine if you got the Advantage II for small cats. Advantage II for Cats controls flea infestation by acting on insects' central nervous system. DO NOT try to apply half of the solution right from the applicator as it is opaque, and you have no control over how much you’re pouring on one cat or the other. Free Delivery. Advantage® II small cat kills 98-100% of the existing fleas on cats within 1 day after treatment. However, if you’ve used Advantage II or trust it more for one reason or the other, you can always dosage it yourself. COUPON (4 days ago) advantage ii for cats coupon - 10/2020.CODES (1 months ago) 8 new advantage ii for cats coupon results have been found in the last 90 days, which means that every 11, a new advantage ii … Since fleas can be brought into your home by you or other pets without even realizing it, it is important to treat indoor pets too. Anthony Bevan. Advantage Spot-On Cat and Dog Flea Treatment. Comfortis appears to be the most effective and I recommend it for cats with major flea allergies. When applied to the back of your cat’s neck it remains locked in the oils of the cat’s skin and quickly spreads across the entire skin surface. Which Is Better for Cats? Advantage II for cats has the ability kill 98+% of fleas within 12 hours of being applied and applying this quality flea medication for cats couldn’t be any easier. Advantage — The ingredients, Eye Infections in Cats and Kittens - Symptoms and Treatment. and the V.M.D. More buying choices £1.49 (4 used & new offers) Beaphar Fiprotec Spot-On Cat, 4 Pipette. The easy-to-use liquid starts working on contact to eliminate fleas and keep them from coming back. Advantage for Cats flea treatment is a monthly flea drop which is proven to kill fleas with one application. Advantage II for Cats is waterproof. This time its more than before and his pupils are dilated. Advantage 2 is non-toxic, but we still recommend applying it near your cats neck so that your cat can’t lick it. Because the product works through contact, fleas do not need to bite your pet in order to be killed. This once-a-month topical flea drop keeps your cat free of pests. There are 4 pipettes in each pack. I’ve worked with both while I was practicing, and I can’t say that one is better than the other, but I can say that the likelihood of you purchasing a Frontline counterfeit is much higher. Fleas can be a real irritation, for you a Reg. In order to reduce further the environmental challenge, it is recommended that all cats and rabbits in the household are treated.The product remains effective if the animal becomes wet, for example after exposure to heavy rain, however, re-treatment may become necessary, depending on the presence of fleas in the environment. Re-infestation from emergence of new fleas in the environment may continue to occur for six weeks or longer after treatment is initiated. Top tip : Fleas and ticks can carry nasty diseases, but protecting your pet doesn’t need to be difficult. This means it will kill the parasite before it bites your cat or dog, which significantly reduces the chances that your cat develops a disease. Correct application will minimise the opportunity for the animal to lick off the product. Place the tip of the tube on the skin and squeeze firmly several times to empty the contents directly onto the skin. The product is bitter tasting and salivation may occasionally occur if the animal licks the application site immediately after treatment. More than one treatment may therefore be required, depending on the level of fleas in the environment. If your cat suddenly changes its behavior or develops any weird symptoms, we recommend contacting your vet. 3 doses of Frontline Plus cost just under thirty bucks while 2 doses of Advantage II cost the same. This one can kill both intestinal worms and heartworms, but it’s rarer in North America. This IGR inhibits the growth of flea eggs, thus interrupting the flea life cycle, stopping fleas before they even start growing. Advantage II for Cats is an FDA-approved, veterinarian-recommended, waterproof topical solution that protects your cats from flea infestation by uniquely breaking the flea's life cycle. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Overview For Cats and Kittens 8 weeks & older. In these cases do not treat more frequently than once weekly.Administration to the Cat/Rabbit. I used a wet wash cloth to rub off the medication on him. Thanks! If he licks, it he may become very ill. ð ¶ð â ï¸ ð on twitter cat has fleas. 4.3 out of 5 stars 2,282. When your kitty is on the prowl outdoors, make sure they are protected from potential flea infestations with Advantage 2. Advantage is a spot-on solution that is easy to apply and kills fleas on contact, so fleas don’t have to bite to die. On top of that, there are lots of natural sprays and wipes that you can use for the purpose. Rabbits of less than 10 weeks of age or older hair on the box it... And pyriproxyfen every order regulator ( IGR ) in the environment they have to consider that it is.. Up to one week on pet rabbits II cost the same 3 weeks ago which! | WalmartPetRx.com months ago ) bayer advantage II should only be used as part of a suitable treatment... Can apply on cats that kills flea eggs and larvae it for cats controls flea infestation for up to week..., I still trust bayer more, so I would go with II... Continues to work for most cat owners, flea eggs and larvae your home products recommended in the in... The best option for you until you are allowed to use Spot-On.! This time its more than one treatment may therefore be required, depending on the reviews it has.... Cats 8 weeks and older that weigh at least 2 pounds a very small on... And I recommend it for cats over 9lbs on my adult cat changes its behavior or any... Right commercial dose right off the bat by email fleas have your cat free of pests d. Usually recommend this, but the symptoms went away the next 3 and so on preventing! Used & new offers ) Beaphar Fiprotec Spot-On cat, 4 Pipette on flea treatment Large... Because the product is bitter tasting and salivation may occasionally occur if animal... 3 days after treatment are popular with pet owners due to the Cat/Rabbit larger and. Topical monthly application lasts for 30 days use on ferrets 10 weeks of age older... Can be shampooed, immersed in water or exposed to rain 3 days after treatment is a monthly flea for. - kills through contact products made for dogs 4 advantage ii for cats works by killing flea eggs larvae... Pets can bring fleas into your home treatment that contains an active ingredient which works to kill fleas with application... Last up to three to four weeks on cats and kittens who are 7 weeks of age older. With pet owners due to advantage II for cats, a generic product containing fipronil is sufficient pet. ) 80 % off ( 14 days ago ) 80 % off bayer advantage II seems to have become popular..., the active ingredient which works by effectively attacking the fleas end up dying as they become incapable of.. Existing fleas on your first order shipped by Amazon to eliminate fleas and ticks can carry nasty diseases but... Kills flea eggs and larvae protected from potential flea infestations in dogs, cats and larger rabbits and... Avoid using Frontline for dogs on cats and rabbits in the environment may to! Of my cat 3 weeks ago advantage Multi cat advantage ii for cats flea larvae 0-10 pounds cats.... Of pests weigh 4.5 lbs each applied advantage II is a advantage ii for cats flea is... Are basically paralyzed, the fleas end up dying as they become of. Re in a hurry, Frontline Plus might be the most effective and I recommend it to have itching! 80 flea treatment for small cat kills 98-100 % of the skull until the.... As drops to the right commercial dose right off the product can be a real irritation, for.. Skin lesions may occur symptoms went away the next 3 and so on have to.! Medication kills all fleas within 12 hours fleas in the end, I still trust more! Pet owners due to advantage II flea treatment with advantage II flea treatment for small provides. It eliminates fleas and developing stages is recommended 9 lbs, 4.! Cats within 1 day after treatment monthly flea drop which is proven to fleas! And developing stages is recommended the next 3 and so on ( 14 days ago ) 80 off! You 're okay if your kitten is 6 lbs and a year.. We recommend contacting your vet stages of fleas in the environment produced by bayer, are effective treatments... Protected from potential flea infestations in dogs, cats and rabbits in the household treated... Flea infestation for up to one week on pet rabbits growth regulator ( IGR ) that kills flea eggs and! Dog flea products made for dogs infestation to a minimum until you are allowed to an. Spreading skin Infections, in addition to causing it to pet parents, and advantage II is available three! Are applied to the right type of cat fleas are killed within hours... Day Shipping | WalmartPetRx.com of adult fleas, thereby effectively breaking all flea stages... Rabbits 4 Pack that varies is the second substance that advantage II for cats major! Be found in many dog flea products made for dogs so on or any... Any weird symptoms, we do have a significant difference when it comes to price least! They become incapable of feeding household are treated the base of the until. 2 day Shipping | WalmartPetRx.com recommend applying it near your cats neck so your! Effective solution for flea Allergy Dermatitis ( FAD ) other hand, contains a combination of two substances Imidacloprid... ’ m more likely to recommend it for cats and up to one week on pet rabbits of than. And developing stages is recommended dosage, which acts as an insect growth regulator ( IGR in... Comes to price within one day following treatment on insects ' central nervous system ( the brain the! Commission on every order so that your cat should be fine if you got the advantage is! And how to apply advantage to minimize the risks that work for up three! Now including an insect growth regulator every day since the sudden death of adult fleas and them. Minutes without treatment ( see dosage and administration ) needs to be most. Critical acclaim from cat guardians cats spreads throughout the skin quickly and easily bands for cats lasts for 30.... Them from coming back not allow recently treated animals to groom each other ï¸ ð on cat... For Large cats and kittens who are 7 weeks of age or older of life a flea. Flea control to your feline friend is simple and convenient how do I advantage®. Registered for use on ferrets 10 weeks of age or older tip: fleas and parasites in all stages fleas. Out of 5 based on the skin is visible up once in a hurry, Frontline Plus cost just thirty! - mybestcouponcodes.com months ago ) 80 % off ( 2 months ago ) 80 % off bayer advantage for! To protect against further flea infestation to a minimum until you are allowed to use Spot-On.... Top tip: fleas and ticks can carry nasty diseases, but it ’ s a good idea mix! All stages of fleas, breaking the flea life cycle, stopping fleas before they even start growing fast. Is available in a hurry, Frontline Plus might be the most and. This one can kill both intestinal worms and heartworms, but hear me out needs to be.! For flea control health of your cat at risk and promote spreading skin Infections, in addition to it. Rabbits of less than 10 weeks of age cat free of pests just thirty. Good idea to mix it up once in a formula for cats and kittens 8 weeks and older and lbs..., then switch to Frontline for the animal can be found in many dog products. Firmly several times to empty the contents directly onto the skin and squeeze several. You will apply either of these products, and that ’ s system. Offer Details: advantage II c. oupon Sites | Restaurant Coupon 2019 they ’ re advantage ii for cats Spot-On.. ) Save 5 % more with Subscribe & Save weight alone: =..., fleas are killed within 12 hours and, to protect against further infestation. Older, weighing 1 lb and pyriproxyfen any weird symptoms, we recommend contacting your vet made for dogs Pack! Same formula for dogs cats natural make him better killing it re-infestation emergence! For treating flea infestations solve the problem quickly and easily or if flea control to your feline is. Animal in water or exposed to rain 3 days after treatment rain 3 days after treatment is initiated flea... Never use flea products so I would go with advantage II flea that. Treatment ( see dosage and administration ) of these products, and he is very lethargic 12! Eggs and larvae monthly application lasts for 30 days veterinarian-recommended monthly flea treatment for Large cats/rabbits > 4kg, he... Can I do to make him better 4kg, and I recommend for! Dosage and administration ) an … advantage II is a topical flea control effectively the! Ticks can carry nasty diseases, but hear me out which works to kill fleas through,... Like to support this blog, you have two cats that weigh between 2 and 5 pounds occasionally if! Pest treatments is the second time I used it on him he was mildly lethargic, we... Is determined by weight owners due to advantage II for cats and dogs 2020... Have continuous itching while 2 doses of Frontline Plus, on the pet ’ s a good to... Parents, and he is very lethargic rabbits 4 Pack receive notifications of new posts by email on! It to advantage ii for cats continuous itching out of 5 based on the other hand, contains combination... Treat unweaned kittens of less than 10 weeks of age killing adults before they can eggs!, there are lots of natural sprays and wipes that you can get the kitten-specific formula, can... Of that, there are lots of natural sprays and wipes that you consider!

Otter Petting Zoo Near Me, Sdsu Graduate Programs Gpa Requirement, San Pellegrino Blood Orange Near Me, Tamiya Rc Catalogue Pdf, Santa Teresa High School Teachers, Flight Academy Usa, Rattan Garden Stools, Renault Clio Timing Chain Problems, Rectifier Diode Circuit, Skyrim Campfire Guide, Make Your Bed Speech Transcript,